ANALYSIS OF NATIONAL GOVERNMENT BUDGET EXECUTION – FEBRUARY 2024

ANALYSIS OF NATIONAL GOVERNMENT BUDGET EXECUTION – FEBRUARY 2024

Due to a decrease in expenditures (-23.8% YoY) and a slight increase in revenues (+0.4% YoY), in the first two months of the year, the National Government recorded a financial surplus 150.0% higher in real terms than in the same period of the previous year.

  • The primary surplus, which does not include interest payments, was 1,805.5% higher than that obtained a year earlier.
  • Total revenues grew 0.4% in the year-on-year comparison, driven by increases in the PAIS Tax (405.9% YoY), in Export Duties (70.9% YoY) and in VAT (15.4% YoY). These increases were partially offset by the decrease in resources from Social Security (-25.1% YoY) and Income Tax (-36.5% YoY).
  • Total National Government expenditures recorded a real fall of 23.8% YoY in the first two months of the year and the cut in primary expenditures, which does not include the increase in debt interest, rose to 33.6% YoY.
  • Pensions (-33.0% YoY real), energy subsidies (-59.5% YoY real), capital expenditures (-82.4% YoY real) and social programs (-29.9% YoY real) were the items that most contributed to the reduction in expenditures. However, debt interest grew 34.2% YoY.
  • In February, the financial result was in deficit (-ARS186.635 billion), although in the first two months of the year the surplus was maintained (ARS1,020.296 billion), with levels above the average of a 15-year cycle.
  • Total accrued expenditures represented 24.0% of the budget, which is an extension of the budget in force during 2023.
THE OPC PRESENTED THE LATEST BUDGET EXECUTION REPORT TO LEGISLATORS

THE OPC PRESENTED THE LATEST BUDGET EXECUTION REPORT TO LEGISLATORS

The Argentine Congressional Budget Office presented the latest published report on the Analysis of the National Government Budget Execution – January 2024 to national legislators and their advisors.

This is one of the periodic works conducted by the OPC with the purpose of monitoring revenues collected and expenditures accrued.

The presentation was given by the OPC Director, Gabriel Esterelles, together with the directors of Sustainability and Public Debt Analysis, Joel Vaisman; of Fiscal and Tax Analysis, Martín López Amorós; of Budget Analysis, Ignacio Lohle, and the analyst of this last directorate, María Laura Cafarelli.

The purpose of the online meeting was to provide members of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate, as well as their assistants, with technical elements to improve the understanding of the monthly report disseminated through the OPC web page, offering, at the same time, the possibility of clarifying doubts about the methodology used and the results obtained.

The good reception of this new work modality was the basis for the decision to repeat it periodically to consolidate the technical dialogue between the OPC and the National Congress.

EVOLUTION OF GENDER-RESPONSIVE BUDGET ACTIONS 2019-2022

EVOLUTION OF GENDER-RESPONSIVE BUDGET ACTIONS 2019-2022

Expenditure tagged with the initials PPG (for Gender Responsive Budgeting) by the Executive Branch reached in 2022 the equivalent of 19% of the total expenditure of the National Government and 4.1% of GDP.

  • The PPG Expenditure expanded by an average of 3.3% in real terms per year between 2019 and 2022, above the evolution of total expenditure (with an average annual growth of 0.3%).
  • Both the beneficiaries and the financial allocation of existing programs, such as the Alimentar Card and the Potenciar Trabajo program, grew, and others were created, basically to address gender-based violence (Acompañar program).
  • Other actions, such as those included in the Brisa Law and the Gender Identity Law, were given their own budget.
  • The Ministry of Social Development went from concentrating 8.0% of total PPG Expenditure in 2019 to 24.6% in 2022.
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