This is the first in a series of reports to be prepared by the Argentine Congressional Budget Office (OPC) to analyze Argentina’s progress in achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals from a budgetary perspective. As there is no international consensus on the SDG budget evaluation methodology, the OPC used its own tool.
The focus is on SDG 6, Clean Water and Sanitation, and SDG 7, Affordable and Clean Energy. In accordance with the provisions of the current year’s Budget Law, the actions to be carried out by Argentina related to the SDG 6 will require AR$25.48 billion, while those related to energy issues have an initial appropriation of AR$212.01 billion.
By 2023, Argentina has committed to universal access to drinking water service through the public network, which would imply, according to INDEC population projections, the addition of 9.5 million people. As for the sewage network, the commitment to universalization was set for the year 2030, bringing the number of citizens to be included up to that year to 26.4 million.
Argentina adopted three targets linked to SDG 7. That of “universalizing access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services” implies meager increases in coverage, since according to the latest available data 98.8% of households had access to electricity and 97.2% to clean fuels for cooking; that of “significantly increasing the proportion of renewable energy” implies using 10.9% of green sources to supply total consumption this year; the most challenging is to increase energy efficiency (total energy vs. GDP), changing the trend shown in recent years.