OPC 5 Public Policy Evaluation 5 CHARACTERIZATION OF THE LABOR SITUATION AND OF THE ACTIONS IMPLEMENTED BY THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT FOR THE PROMOTION OF LABOR – DATA FOR THE YEAR 2021

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE LABOR SITUATION AND OF THE ACTIONS IMPLEMENTED BY THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT FOR THE PROMOTION OF LABOR – DATA FOR THE YEAR 2021

  • Argentina has a lower activity and employment rate than Latin America and the Caribbean and the OECD, and a higher unemployment rate than both regions.
  • The employment rate remained relatively stable between 2007-2021, a period that showed both upward and downward phases in economic activity.
  • Since 2012, there has been no increase in the percentage of workers under employment relationship.
  • Labor activity falls sharply after the age of 40.
  • Although they are of working age, 17.4% of the Argentine population is neither employed nor looking for a job.
  • There are higher levels of unemployment, inactivity, and informality among women, despite their higher level of education.
  • Nearly half of unemployed women and a quarter of unemployed men hold university degrees.
  • Households in which one of the heads is informally employed or unemployed have worse indicators of living conditions, although there are formal workers living in poor and even indigent homes.
  • The number of people benefiting from employment programs is low, especially considering that the number of unemployed has been increasing since 2014.
  • The government’s labor market policy has changed its profile, replacing strategies to reintegrate the unemployed into the formal market with the promotion of their own projects.
  • As there is no evidence in practice of a central planning of the Potenciar Trabajo program, guiding the projects to sustainable productive units that imply a real insertion in the formal labor market, it becomes a welfare or support program, instead of an effective labor market policy.
  • The levels of unemployment and informal work in the country far exceed the number of beneficiaries of Potenciar Trabajo, so this policy is not enough to change the labor and economic situation of people who are in a highly vulnerable situation.
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